Human Rights in Islam

Human Rights in Islam, and Common Misconceptions

By Abdul-Rahman al-Sheha. Adaption by Abu Salman Deya ud-Deen Eberle.

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Table of Contents:


Islam and the Basic Necessities of Mankind

Equality in Islam

Islam and Preservation of the Five Essential Necessities of Life

  1. Preservation of the Divine Religion
  2. Preservation of Self
  3. Preservation of Mind
  4. Preservation of Honor, Family and Lineage
  5. Preservation of Wealth

Rights and Obligations in Islam

  1. Rights of Almighty Allah
  2. Rights of the Prophet Muhammad (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam)
  3. Rights of other Prophets and Messengers
  4. Rights of Parents
  5. Rights of Husband towards His Wife
  6. Rights of Wife towards Her Husband
  7. Rights of Children
  8. Rights of Relatives

A Word on Public Rights and Duties

  1. Rights of a Ruler
  2. Rights of the People towards the Government
  3. Rights of Neighbors
  4. Rights of Friends
  5. Rights of the Poor
  6. Rights of Employees/Laborers
  7. Rights of Employers
  8. Rights of other Creatures
  9. Other Rights

The Judicial System in Islam

Hisbah, Accountability in Islam

Islamic Declaration on Human Rights

Misconceptions on Human Rights in Islam

  • Reply to the Misconception about Shari’ah (Islamic Law)
  • Reply to the Misconception about non-Muslims
  • Reply to the Misconception about Punishments (Hudood)
  • Reply to the Misconception about Apostasy
  • Reply to the Misconception about Marriage to a non-Muslim
  • Reply to the Misconception about Slavery


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